October 20th 2019 and after a week of worry I decided it was finally time to investigate the wormeries and see if the kilogram of worms were still with us. I am finding the stress and responsibility of these hard to take.

My plan, empty each wormery on an old piece of vinyl, investigate what is there and remake each one as they’ll be alone for a week. This was made more difficult as a very cute and friendly robin has been following me around the garden for the last fortnight and passes behind you after you’ve moved any piece of garden soil.

It was really heartwarming to see oodles of big fat juicy worms fall onto the vinyl. They weren’t moving much but were certainly a good size and huddled together in some big piles. The bottom of the blue wormery was quite wet, this was the one with no drainage. The paper had gone slimy and the potato skins were still undigested. Katrina, your McDonald’s straw is still there, but I think the bacteria might be thinking about working on it. So a new cardboard base, screwed up paper, the worms and then some partially digested compost. Lid back on and ready for off. The robin was flapping around so I posted a guard at the door.

Even the pink wormery had worms but the bottom was slimy with sand and paper- whoops I forgot to take a photo of this. So I’ve made up the box, with fresh cardboard and moved some of the worms from the blue box to the pink one and added more partially digested leaf mould / compost. Lid back on.

I was in two minds as to whether I ought to hold out one for the robin as a treat, but then Miss Crozier came to mind and I couldn’t bear to sacrifice one of the little cuties. Everything back in order, I stepped inside to get cleaned up and then remembered I ought to take a photo of the robin. It was then I noticed the escapees. I’ve no idea where they came from but at least 10 were making their way to freedom down the cracks in the paving and across the slabs. I couldn’t pull one up (see photos). If the robin gets you it isn’t my fault as I did give you a little tug to put you back.

So to the Sophie and Hollie- I’ve not killed them and they ought to be ready for you to get them through the winter next week!

Sorry the photos are in the wrong order with the escapees first.

Worms move in!

Well, Wednesday 4th September one group in the Climate Catastrophe Group built their wormery. We are going to look into recycling of food and break down of fruit and vegetables. Worms do create greenhouse gases, but play an important part in maintaining the soil, which has taken a hammering over the last 60 years.

Unfortunately the worms arrived late on Thursday 5th September and had to be in the wormery before the weekend. The students hadn’t quite finished the wormery, so many came up during their lunch break and helped get the worms a temporary start. Our biggest concern is the amount of moisture that we need. The wormery isn’t a draining one, so getting the air and moisture levels is important. We also had to put all the worms in the one box as the second box wasn’t ready.

Let’s hope the worms make it through the weekend. The suspense is terrible and the temperature this weekend was pretty warm, the first dry weekend in four weeks- drat.


Climate change

In these posts I’ll try to add content about the most important topic facing our world. I will only use evidence based Science to make my points.

Having Mr Physics on the case helps as he’s been involved in measuring this stuff from the late 1980s to the beginning of the twenty first century.

Here is the definitive link for all things Climate Change, ask an adult if it is too hard.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

S2 Transport -from 2018

S2 Lockerbie Academy Road Safety & Transport Notes from 2020

This is the 2020 version of the Speed topic notes and further down in this email I will add the work for covid19 for those who can’t get on Teams. If you read through the Learning Outcomes/ Need to know, you can find out what you need to know. There are loads of simulations and videos out there to help you.


Here is the updated materials

Need to Know sheet

speed-distance-time word speed-distance-time pdf

Get some practice at speed distance and time questions

If the above are still a little too hard try the sheet below. Here I am not asking you to calculate speed distance or time, but can you extract the information from the sheet, write the equation and substitute?

To check out using your calculator try the following links, if you can’t face the whole of each video check out from the times I’ve given

Nice video on Using the Casio calculator, look at 12 mins in to the video!

or this one 3 mins 12 s in

The Post Office van word The Post Office van pdf

Stopping Distance  word Stopping Distance pdf


Velocity sheet 2018 word Velocity sheet 2018 pdf

For those without a protractor, you could print one off , it wont be great unless you could print on an acetate (clear) sheet, but it is better than nothing.


The Post van displacement

I really must update the route cards for the playmats as they really are dangerous! Must start in the car park!

Speed TASK Mat 1

Speed TASK Mat 2

homework 1


vdt problems dominoes

At rest not moving, the object is stationary. It is not the same word as pens and pencils which are stationery!
Average Speedthe distance of the whole journey divided by the time for the whole journey.
Braking Distancedistance the vehicle will travel as the brakes are applied.
Displacementhow far you have travelled in a straight line. We would say “as the crow flies” You must quote a direction when writing down a displacement.
Distanceis how far you have travelled. It is another name for length.
Dynamicsthe part of mechanics dealing with Forces.
Instantaneous Speedthe speed at which you are travelling over a very short distance.
KinematicsKinematics means the part of mechanics dealing with motion, speed, acceleration etc
MechanicsMechanics is the branch of Physics dealing with motion (how things move)
Reaction Time the time it takes a person to react to a situation and understand the dangers.
ScalarA quantity that is fully described by a value and unit
Speed is the distance travelled in unit time.
Stopping Distancestopping distance= thinking distance + braking distance .
Thinking distanceis the distance a vehicle will travel in the time it takes you to react to the situation.
TimeTime- is how long your journey took. It is measured in seconds or during our road safety topic hours. We never write sec or secs in Physics to mean seconds
Uniform Speedwhen your speed isn’t changing, it remains constant.
VectorA quantity that is fully described by a value, unit and direction
Velocitydisplacement covered during the journey divided by the time taken. You must quote a direction when writing down a velocity

Are you really stuck on drawing that graph in your homework? Here is a hint!


April 2020


Covid Work

Work for after Easter


1.      Review your work on Road Safety using the powerpoint  and make sure you’ve answered the revision question quiz (Miss Horn uploaded)


1.      Watch the videos




2.      Go slide 108 on the S2 SPEED powerpoint on DISPLACEMENT and VELOCITY

https://www.mrsphysics.co.uk/bge/s2-road-safety/s2-speed-2020-final-3/  work from slides 108- 124, you can do the practical if you have a playmat, car and timer

3.      Complete the sheet on Displacement and Velocity https://www.mrsphysics.co.uk/bge/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Velocity-sheet-2018.pdf.

4.       Answer the Quiz on Displacement and Velocity in Teams.


5.      OR complete a SPEEDING SURVEY https://www.mrsphysics.co.uk/bge/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/speed.pdf  (page 6) Make a survey after asking your family and friends who drive, but remembering to keep your distance!

This will require some explaining so are you ready.

1)      You are going to go for a walk, or run as part of your daily exercise.

2)      Count the number of steps that you do and keep walking until you can see a direct and safe line to your home

3)      Record the number of steps that you have taken.

4)      When you can see a direct and safe line to your home or starting point stop, face home/ your starting point and walk directly to your starting point. If you have a compass look at the direction you are travelling in.

5)      Record the number of steps that it took to get home.

6)      The number of steps you took on the way out is your DISTANCE TRAVELLED, the number of steps back is your DISPLACEMENT.

7)      Draw that as a sketch on your notes of paper.

8)      Repeat this task but try to time how long it took you to walk out to the place where you stopped. Record the steps and the time it took to get there. This could be in seconds/ minutes/ hours or elephants (nearly seconds).

9)      Walk back again counting the number of steps, but not timing it.

10)   Speed = number of steps out/time to get there

11)   Velocity = number of steps to get back/ time to get there and a direction.

12)   Don’t forget to add you units even if this is in steps/elephant

13)   Can you try to explain, Distance/ Displacement/ Speed and Velocity?

First Week of Lockdown

Work through the Speed Powerpoint that will be on TEAMS and on https://www.mrsphysics.co.uk/bge/transport-2018/

Check the work on TEAMS and on here. We will set an online ASSESSMENT at the end of APRIL.

IN addition try some of the RESEARCH TASKS below

Do  NOT complete the AIR BAG practical until the FULL RISK ASSESSMENT has been uploaded.


By the Easter Holidays you should have covered

  • Road Safety and Road Signs
  • Average Speed
  • Instantaneous speed
  • Reaction Time
  • Thinking Distance, Braking Distance and Stopping distance


Research Tasks-

Take a note for your SALs Booklets

Welcome to the Lockerbie Academy Additional Work Sheet. Hopefully you’ll be working your way through the power point on TRANSPORT 1 -SPEED, which I am in the middle of updating.

There are plenty of speed distance time calculations you can do and I’ll add work on calculators.

Why don’t you make some suggestions about where Physics and Road Safety meet?

Choose 1 or more of the following 8 tasks to complete. Don’t complete the practical until I’ve uploaded the full risk assessment.

1.      Road Safety Statistics

Are you bored already and need something to get your teeth into?

        https://roadtraffic.dft.gov.uk/custom-downloads/road-accidents


Why don’t you select a group of road users, years, speed limits, type of road users, country, Region and research to see if you can find out some of the following

  1. a) On which roads do most road deaths occur?
  2. b) Which group of road user have the highest death toll?
  3. c) Which part of Great Britain has the highest injuries and why?
  4. d) Why are most deaths on roads with speed limits of 21-30 mph?
  5. e) Are there differences between male and female drivers? Are there enough details for you to say who is a safer driver?

Ask yourself some questions to answer

Make sure you try to show your results in a table, graph or pie chart. Why not have a play with EXCEL? I’ll try to update the Excel for 2016 a.s.a.p. but I’ve other things to do first.

2.      Road Signs

How about  trying to learn your road signs?


If you can’t face doing 157 questions try some of these tests.


Road and traffic signs 2

3.      Reaction Time When Driving

If you are doing this task you’ll need to graph your results. Do your reactions improve as you play the game? Can you get the scores of your friends and plot data from you and your friends. Do older students have better reactions?




I’ll upload the diagrams when I can get a better quality image.


Will you be an alert driver? Can you spot and react to the hazards. Write a report about what you found out.



Alertness study test (with hints)


6.      Practice Excel

Can you plot this data in EXCEL in a graph? Make it a stacked graph. Search online for a better  diagram.

7.      Road Safety Analysis

Look at the road statistics below. State what you can see in the data and can you give reasons for the massive changes since 1964 in the numbers of road deaths, injuries and severe injuries.



If you have this material in the house you might want to try this, but you ought to wear googles and you MUST check with an adult before completing.  You’ll need a tray underneath as this could make rather a big mess.






























S2 Unit 2 Test HEAT

Here are a few items that you can try for revision.

Click on the link below to try the Kahoot! Quiz if you never got on to that in class. Challenge your friends at a certain time.


The document below contains a set of revision questions on Heat for you to try.

July 2019

Forces 2020

Lockerbie Academy’s S2 Forces Unit Material, containing the Assessed Practical and details for plotting graphs in Excel.

Wow! This is an important Physics topic, your first topic in the S2 physics course. All the info you cover in class is given below. We will start at the beginning but can rush through the bits that you’ve covered in primary.


This sheet gives you details of what need to know for this block and for the test.


Forces powerpoint (unmodified)

Forces iop (forces specs only)


This is the workbook that you will use in class, get your own copy here, or use it to copy up what you’ve missed.

Here is the copy of the homework booklet, you can make a start on it whenever you’ve time and get ahead. Make sure you hand homework in on time.

Hmwk PieceWk NoS2 Physics Homework Tasks
11Complete a title page called FORCES
21In the back of your jotter write a piece “What I learned about myself in S1 Science” This is not the topics that you covered- I know those, but what did you learn about yourself, your ability to think for yourself, try tasks etc. What skills have you learned .
32Forces Walk
4Hookes Law table & Hookes Law graph (this is an assessment piece)
5Literacy Task
6Answering the mass and weight questions
1st June 2019AllRevise the work you’ve completed this week and previous weeks

If you haven’t got results for the Hooke’s Law Assessment use the ones below. Copy the results into Excel, find the average extension using the formula =average(range) . Then plot a graph of Weight against average extension.

WeightExtension (cm)Extension (cm)

There is a separate post on EXCEL with details of how to create a table of results and plot a graph in Excel, which is useful for all students studying Physics, and other Sciences too- a useful life skill.

May 2020


Scottish Science Homework Task
For those students who need a bit of structure

Above are the material for the 2019 S1 Scottish Scientist Competition. This is a compulsory homework piece.



Here is the task

Topic: How Scientists from Scotland, or working in Scotland have made a big difference to our lives.

Logo good

Task- Summary break down

  1. To research
  2. To identify a topic
  3. To present your work Details

1. You need to research and report on Scottish Science. Find some Science being carried out in Scotland that interests you, or some Scottish Scientists working abroad. The work must have happened after World War Two (WW2)- that means after 1945.

2. For the week beginning Monday 10th October, record on your template sheet who or what your chosen subject will be. This will then be discussed with your teacher to make sure it is meets the rules.

3. When your teacher has said your project meets the standard you should research more into your topic.

4. Present your work (by 18th November ) including the following:

  • a. Your Name,
  • b. Your Register class,
  • c. Who or what Science or Scientist you have researched?
  • d. What Science do carry out (this must be Science and not social science etc.)?,
  • e. How is this Science relevant to us?
  • f. What effect have they made on the environment or society?
  • g. Where did you get your information (include the sources); for example, record the website or book you used to obtain the information?
  • h. Try to find or draw some pictures to go with your topic i. The minimum length is one side of A4 paper, the maximum is 4 sides of A4 paper. The person submitting the best piece of work will win the JUNIOR SCIENCE TROPHY.
  • DEADLINES One sentence on who or what you plan to study: Science period during week beginning 10th October

Final document: 18th November

Homework Help: See your teacher if you need additional help or would like to attend a homework class to help get you started.

Possible sources of information





For the link above it might be a good idea to start near the end (about p40), but make sure you choose a Scientist, and not a social or political scientist (who aren’t really scientists)





Add a comment below if you need further help or ask your Science Teacher.